REVISED Bloom's Taxonomy Action Verbs. Definitions. I. Remembering II. Understanding. III. Applying. IV. Analyzing. V. Evaluating. VI. Creating. Bloom's. Questioning based upon Bloom's Taxonomy for the Cognitive Domain COGNITIVE DOMAIN taxonomy, and includes verbs and question stems for each level. Bloom's Taxonomy. Bloom identified six levels within the cognitive domain, from the simple recall or recognition of facts, as the lowest level, through increasingly more complex and abstract mental levels, to the highest order which is classified as evaluation.


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There is only one additional level that I would wish to see added to the six, and that is Wisdom.

Bloom’s Taxonomy: Levels of Understanding

It is not enough to know how to do something but it can be, and often is, more important to be able to explain Why, or even Why Not, something Should be done. Cognitive [1] was published inand in the second volume Handbook II: Its characteristics may include: Knowledge of specifics—terminology, specific facts Knowledge of ways and means of dealing with specifics—conventions, trends and sequences, classifications and categories, criteria, methodology Knowledge of the universals and abstractions in a field—principles and blooms taxonomy levels, theories and structures Example: Name three common varieties of apple.

Comprehension[ edit ] Comprehension blooms taxonomy levels demonstrating understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating the main ideas.

Compare the identifying characteristics of a Golden Delicious apple with a Granny Smith apple. Application[ edit ] Blooms taxonomy levels involves using acquired knowledge—solving problems in new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules.

Learners should be able to use prior knowledge to solve problems, identify connections blooms taxonomy levels relationships and how they apply in new situations.

Bloom’s Taxonomy

Would apples blooms taxonomy levels scurvy, a disease caused by a deficiency in vitamin C? Analysis[ edit ] Analysis involves examining and breaking information into component parts, determining how the parts relate to one another, identifying motives or causes, making inferences, and finding evidence to support generalizations.

Analysis of elements Analysis of relationships Analysis of organization Example: List four ways of serving foods made with apples and explain which ones have the highest health benefits.

This may include the identification of the parts, analysis of the relationships between parts, and recognition of blooms taxonomy levels organizational principles involved.

Learning outcomes here represent a higher intellectual level than comprehension and application becasue they require an understanding of both the content and the structural form of the material.


Synthesis refers to the ability to put parts together to form a new whole. Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, and David Krathwohl revisited the cognitive domain in blooms taxonomy levels mid-nineties and made some changes, with perhaps the three most prominent ones being Anderson, Krathwohl, Airasian, Cruikshank, Mayer, Pintrich, Raths, Wittrock, This new taxonomy reflects a more active form of thinking and is perhaps more accurate.

The new version of Bloom's Taxonomy, with examples and keywords is shown below, while the old version may be found here Table of the Revised Cognitive Domain Category Examples, key words verbsand technologies for learning activities Remembering: Recall blooms taxonomy levels retrieve previous learned information.

Bloom's taxonomy - Wikipedia

Quote prices from memory to a customer. Recite the safety rules. Understand describe, explain, paraphrase, restate, give original examples of, summarize, contrast, interpret, discuss. Learning objective examples adapted from, Nelson Baker at Georgia Tech: Using blooms taxonomy levels verb table like the one above will help you avoid verbs that cannot be quantified, like: Course level objectives are just too broad.

To create blooms taxonomy levels course level objectives, we need to ask ourselves: What resulted from his work is Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Handbook 1, the Cognitive Domain Bloom et al.

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