Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) as a simple way of workplace, with indicators such as lost time injuries (LTIs). Health and Safety Executive (HSE) issued. Key Performance Indicators, , , , , , Fatalities, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0. Major Catastrophic incidents, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0. Major environmental. Health and Safety KPIs are the key metrics H&S Teams use to track their actual progress against. H&S KPIs are used to determine how well the.


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This is an important way to mainstream OSH into business management. Without information on OSH performance, no adequate feedback on actions and policies is available.

The most frequently used KPIs reflect past performance rather than future performance. OSH experts are often specialised in some specific risks hse key performance indicators they should know how to assess and reduce them.

Workers and managers are often confronted with a range of OSH risks, which they are supposed to manage responsibly. To some extent, OSH performance is reflected in the findings of the risk assessment process, but risk assessments are hse key performance indicators always complete and are performed infrequently.

As a result, the risk assessment is an important but not sufficient source of data for adequate OSH management.


For occupational safety, the focus is on serious accidents at work incident rate of accidents with three or more days of absence and fatal accidents at work rate peremployees. For occupational health, the official statistics are less standardised, but usually hse key performance indicators occupational diseases, work-related diseases and sickness absence.

Most of these indicators are also useful, hse key performance indicators one form or another, at the organisational level. Relevance to OSH To be useful as a tool to manage OSH, KPIs should provide quantitative or semi-quantitative data that reflect the safety and health issues and activities in the organisation.

These should comprise condensed information on existing and emerging risks, exposures, and hazards, as well as on preventive activities to further reduce the remaining hazards and risks.

Key Performance Indicators -

Relevance to management In principle, it is only useful to measure a performance indicator if the KPI can be used for decision-making. In other words, hse key performance indicators is only useful when the measurement has potential consequences for adapting OSH policies, Hse key performance indicators plans, or existing practices.

For steering purposes, the relevance of the KPIs increases when they are based on real time measurements or have a validated predictive value. A KPI that is measured every week implies that information becomes available every week whereupon action can be taken when necessary.

If the measurement is only once a year, it can provide relevant information for an annual OSH plan, but it cannot have consequences for hse key performance indicators activities and it cannot be useful in managing acute risks. The importance of the predictive value of KPIs is addressed in section 2 and communicative value is addressed in section 7.


Lagging indicators show when a desired safety outcome has failed, or when an OSH objective has not hse key performance indicators achieved. They essentially permit learning from mistakes [5]. For steering and management purposes, it is therefore better to have information with greater predictive value.

The alternatives for lagging indicators are leading indicators.

HSE indicators

These provide feedback on performance before an OSH problem arises so that action can be taken to prevent it. Unfortunately, there are few generally accepted and standardised OSH leading indicators. This is due to the complexity of OSH and the uniqueness of many workplaces and hse key performance indicators.

In the next two sections, we give examples of lagging and leading OSH indicators that are useful in many situations.

Lagging indicators Even though lagging indicators do not allow assessment of the OSH level, they are still frequently used in organisations. Choices can hse key performance indicators made as to whether to express the KPIs in terms of percentages, rates, or absolute numbers.

The most important Hse key performance indicators lagging indicators are: As shown above, there is often a strong emphasis on the negative, i. However, most people and organisations tend to prefer positive feedback.

Then the focus is on what went well what was safe and healthy and according to planning. Hse key performance indicators of positive lagging indicators are: Leading indicators Leading indicators have predictive value and can therefore be used to improve OSH management in general, or to intervene in risky situations before safety or health is affected.

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