"A Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) is a major change in the nature of warfare brought about by the innovative application of new technologies which. A revolution in military affairs involves big changes that occur relatively quickly and which tend to spread beyond the profession of arms into the. History is replete with examples of revolutions in military affairs, or RMAs, the name for changes in warfare wrought by a combination of.


Author: Dr. Lane Stracke
Country: Niger
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 9 February 2015
Pages: 190
PDF File Size: 24.58 Mb
ePub File Size: 30.14 Mb
ISBN: 274-7-46114-992-4
Downloads: 38597
Price: Free
Uploader: Dr. Lane Stracke


According revolution military affairs Stephen Biddlepart of the growth in popularity of the RMA theory after the Gulf War was that virtually all American military experts drastically over-estimated the coalition casualty count.

This led many experts to assume that their models of war were wrong—that a revolution of sorts had occurred. Inthe U.

Revolution in Military Affairs - Wikipedia

Army mounted an exercise codenamed "Force 21", to test the application of digital technologies in warfare in revolution military affairs to improve communications and logistics by applying private-sector technologies adapted for military use. Specifically, it sought to increase awareness of one's position on the battlefield as well as that of the enemy, in order to achieve increased lethality, greater control of the tempo of warfare, and fewer instances of friendly fire via improved identification friend or foe.

Concurrently, other theorists tend to use the term as referring to revolutionary adaptations by military organisations that may be necessary to deal with the changes in technology. Other theorists place RMA more closely inside the specific political and economic context of globalization and the end of the Cold War.

When reviewing the gamut of theories, three fundamental versions of RMA come to the forefront. The first perspective focuses primarily upon changes in the nation-state and the role of an organised military in revolution military affairs force. This approach highlights the political, social, and economic factors worldwide, which might require a completely different type of military and organisational structure to apply force in the future.

revolution military affairs


Edwards advocate of BattleSwarm tactics, a type of military swarmingCarl H. Ralph Peters emphasized the decline of the nation-state, the nature of the emerging international order, and the different types of forces needed in revolution military affairs near future.

Revolution in Military Affairs

The second perspective—most commonly assigned the term RMA—highlights the evolution of revolution military affairs technologyinformation technologymilitary organizationand military doctrine among advanced powers.

These are intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissancecommand, control, communications and intelligence processingand precision force.

Advanced versions of RMA incorporate other sophisticated revolution military affairs, including unmanned aerial vehicles UAVsnanotechnologyroboticsand biotechnology.

Recently, the RMA debate focussed on " network-centric warfare " which is a doctrine that aims to connect all troops on the battlefield. Such revolutions have occurred many times in history for a variety of reasons.

The most obvious cause is technological "push". The invention of gunpowder, the revolution military affairs engine, the submarine, the internal combustion engine, the aeroplane, the aircraft carrier, and the atom bomb are some of the most obvious innovations which led to fundamental changes in the conduct of warfare.

Some of these technological changes had origins in the civilian world while other revolutions in military affairs revolution military affairs brought about by "social-military revolutions" such as the development of railways, which enabled military forces to be moved and supplied over great distances.

There is a debate about what exactly constitutes a "revolution in military affairs".

NATO: The Revolution in Military Affairs

Some analysts maintain that there have been only three and that these have been linked to the revolution military affairs of the societies: Others have identified as many as fourteen.

Revolution military affairs is agreement, however, that technology alone revolution military affairs insufficient to bring about a true revolution in military affairs. For example, almost five centuries elapsed between the invention of gunpowder and its large-scale employment on the battlefield; and in the early stages of the Second World War, Germany's innovative operational concept that using communications technologies to integrate land and air forces enabled it to defeat French and British forces equipped with very similar technology.

In other words, an appropriate operational concept is just as important as technological invention in bringing about a revolution in military affairs. The Gulf War in early gave an indication of some of the key components of the current revolution in military affairs. The Gulf War saw the military use of information technology at its zenith.

But the most obvious capability was that of precision strike.


New guidance technologies have led to the development of munitions that can revolution military affairs delivered with remarkable precision. These include munitions delivered by aircraft, cruise missiles, and artillery.

What is often forgotten is the impact that such munitions have on logistics and operations. Revolution military affairs ability to destroy certain targets using one or two precision-guided munitions instead of by large-scale bombing cuts the logistic "tail" dramatically.

  • Navigation menu

For instance, during the Gulf War, 6, tons of precision-guided munitions were used compared with 81, tons of "dumb" bombs.

Related Articles: