Increasingly, however, Eastern Europe and the last remaining bastions of pagan Europe became the targets of their religious zeal. The era officially began in , when the Saxons, Danes, and Poles, responding to Pope Eugene III's call, initiated a crusade against the Wends of the Southern Baltic. This book describes and illustrates the armour, weapons, fortifications and ships of one of the least-known phases of the medieval Crusades - the expeditions by Scandinavian Catholics against the pagan peoples to the east of the Baltic Sea, and their subsequent clashes with the Eastern Orthodox Russian princes of. The Scandinavian Baltic Crusades – has 28 ratings and 1 review. Jur said: For me the book was badly organised and confusing. The language is a bi.
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This book reveals the colorful history of these Crusades when the soldiers of the Pope fought their way across Eastern Europe and inexorably changed the future of the continent.
Ina Danish army led by king Valdemar II and Andreas, the Bishop of Lund landed on Saaremaa and attempted to establish a stronghold the scandinavian baltic crusades success.
The Scandinavian Baltic Crusades – - David Lindholm, David Nicolle - Google книги
In the Livonian Brothers of the Sword the scandinavian baltic crusades the bishop Theodorich joined forces and invaded Saaremaa over the frozen sea. In return the Oeselians raided the territories in Latvia that were under German rule the following spring.
Inthe Danish king Valdemar II attempted the second conquest of Saaremaa, this time establishing a stone fortress housing a strong garrison.
The Danish stronghold was besieged and surrendered within five days, the Danish garrison returned to Revelleaving bishop Albert of Riga 's brother The scandinavian baltic crusades, and few others, behind as hostages for peace. The castle was razed to the ground by the Oeselians.
The Scandinavian Baltic Crusades 1100–1500
After the surrender of two major Oeselian strongholds, Muhu and Valjalathe Oeselians formally accepted Christianity. Inafter the defeat of the Livonian The scandinavian baltic crusades of the Sword in the Battle of Saulemilitary action on Saaremaa broke out again.
Inwarfare continued as the Oeselians had once more the scandinavian baltic crusades Christianity and killed all the Germans on the island. The scandinavian baltic crusades against the Curonians and Semigallians —90 [ edit ] Although the Curonians had attacked Riga in andAlbert of Buxhoevedenconsidering Courland a tributary of Valdemar II of Denmarkhad been reluctant to conduct a large scale campaign against them.
After Albert's death inthe crusaders secured the peaceful submission of Vanemane a county with a mixed Livonian, Oselianand Curonian population in the northeastern part of Courland by treaty in In the same year the papal vice-legat Baldouin of Alnea annulled this agreement and concluded an agreement with the ruler of Bandava in the central Courland Lamekins Lammechinus rexdelivering his kingdom into the hands of the papacy.
Baldouin became the popes's delegate in Courland and bishop of Semigallia; however, the Germans complained about him to the Roman Curiaand in Pope Gregory IX removed Baldouin as his delegate.
Europe were flooded with soldiers, mercenaries and simple fortune seekers, who were ready to fight wherever the luck and money could be found. Also there were military factions like the Teutonic Order, who had not achieved much success in the Holy Land as compared to the Templars the scandinavian baltic crusades Hospitallers, and now they were looking for an opportunity to get a new place of establishment.
Though armed conflicts and invasions did often occur, they had the scandinavian baltic crusades any significant impact on culture and life in general. During many decades Vikings tried to conquer and establish their control over the Baltic shores.
The library of the Projet Beaucéant : The Scandinavian Baltic Crusades
However, their endeavours had not much of success as they were soon either overthrown and driven away, or stayed on to mix in with the local tribes. Other outsiders who had their sights set onto the North Eastern lands were the Russian Orthodox Church which attempted to christianize the Baltic pagans and convert them to Orthodoxy, though this mission ended poorly.
The scandinavian baltic crusades were also some Russian warlords who wished to subjugate pagan Balts to collect more tax money, but this too had failed.
The text is illustrated with photographs of rare museum relics and of castles, and spirited colour plates by Angus McBride. The part on strategy and tactics, despite the terrible writing style, offers the best bits of the book.
The influence of the scandinavian baltic crusades terrain and the very small size of the forces involved explain how the campaigns were slow and grinding and stuck to main rivers and siegecraft.